Tag Archives: (culture) Roman

Recipe: Libum (an Offering)

RECIPE: LIBUM (An Offering)

Roman Recipe – Cato (180 BC), recipe 75
Libum hoc modo facito, Casei P. Il bene disterat in mortario. Ubi bene destriverit, farina siligneae liram, aut, si voles tenerius esse, semlibram semilaginis eodem indito, permiscetoque cum caseo bene. Ovum unum addito et una permisceto bene. Inde panem facito, folia laurea subdito: in foco caldo sub testu coquito leniter.

Translation – Giacosa p. 169
Make a libum thus: Thoroughly grind 2 librae of cheese in a mortor. When it is well ground, add 1 libra of fine flour or, if you want [the loaf to be] softer still, ½ libra of finest flour; mix well with the cheese. Add 1 egg and mix well. Then form a loaf, placing bay leaves beneath. Cook slowly under a testo on a hot hearth.

Cookbook Interpretation can be found on Giacosa pp. 169-170

My Interpretation: For 16 people at a Feast

Oven Mixing Bowl Mixing fork
Baking Sheet Measuring cup (dry)


2 cups of Ricotta (15 ounces, since that is an easy purchase) 2 cups of Flour 2-3 bay leaves (fresh or dry, dry worked fine for me)
1 Egg


  1. Mix together cheese and flour.
  2. Add egg and mix well.
  3. Form into one, two, four, or eight small loafs.
  4. Place bay leaves on baking sheet and loafs on top.
  5. Bake at 350 degrees for 30 minutes.


  1. Next time I need to attempt without the self-rising flour. Forgot that was all I had in the house. (grumpy stomp)
  2. The flavor is light and fluffy with just the hint of bay leaves. Very nice.
  3. Broke easily into four separate small loaves. They crumble easily. Serving two of the four per table at a feast would work well.

Giacosa, Ilaria Gozzini, Translated by Anna Herklotz. A Taste of Ancient Rome. The University of Chicago Press: Chicago and London. 1992.

Quotes on Ides

Quotes on Ides

(article originally published March 2011, Phoenix, Barony of Sacred Stone)

Beware the ides of March.
– Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, Act 1, Sc. 1, Line 26

ides (idz), n.pl. [Fr; L. idus] in the ancient Roman calendar, the fifteenth day of March, May, July, or October, or the thirteenth day of the other months.
– Webster

In March, July, October, May,
The Ides are on the fifteenth day,
The Nones the seventh; all other months besides
Have two days less for Nones and Ides.
– Old Latin-class mnemonic

Caesar said to the soothsayer, “The ides of March are come”; who answered him calmly, “Yes, yes they are come, but they are not past.”
– Plutarch, Lives, Caesar, Page 890



Bartlett, John.  Familiar Quotations, 13th ed. Little, Brown, and Company:  Boston.  1955.

Webster’s New World Dictionary of the American Language, college edition.  The World      Publishing Company:  Cleveland.  1959.